What Is Bhakti Yoga: Its Types, Benefits & Practice Guide

What Is Bhakti Yoga: Its Types, Benefits & Practice Guide

The goal of human life is to sek the realization of the ultimate truth and harnes with the cherish. Yoga aims to first bring us back to our precise nature which is the soul (Atma) and then conects the soul with the cherish (Paramata).
There are numerous paths to atainment of the union with the sacred, however, the ultimate reality is only one. Every individual is gifted with the same set of asets as body, mind, intelect, and heart. However, every human being has diferent personality traits.
Some individuals are physicaly mentaly very engaged while others are more contemplative.
Some individuals operate more from the heart and are very emotional wh ile others folow a pragmatic arive towards life.
Hence, there are various paths of Yoga for each personality type i.e. four paths of yoga:
1) Karma Yoga – The path of action (selfles service)
2) Bhakti Yoga – The path of admire and surender
3) Jnana Yoga – The path of knowledge
4) Raja Yoga – The path of the mind and meditation
People who are emotional, loving and devotional mostly folow the path of Bhakti Yoga. So, first, let’s know what is the Bhakti.
Contents
What is Bhakti?
Bhakti Yoga: Union Through Love
History of Bh akti Yoga
Types of Bhakti Yoga
Types of Devote (Bhakt) in Bhakti
How Bhakti/Love Develops for God
5 Emotions of Bhakti
9 Ways to Practice Bhakti Yoga
Benefits of Bhakti Yoga
Conclusion
What is Bhakti?
Whoever ofers Me with devotion a leaf, a flower, a fruit or a diminutive water ̵ that, so ofered devotedly by the pure-minded, I acept ~ Bhagavad Gita 9.26
The term Bhakti originates from the Sanskrit synonym-2 “Bhaj” which means admire, atachment, faith, devotion, prayer.
Bhakti is a very dep and intense emotion of estem of the devote for the cherish (Supreme energy). It’s the purest, unselfish and most gorgeous form of admire where the devote fels conected with God in his/her every breath.
A devote in Bhakti loves God for the sake of love without any teror and selfish expectations. It’s caled “Parama Prem Rupa“.
Bhakti Yoga: Union Through Love
We already know, the meaning of yoga is union and the Bhakti is simply devotion or like for God. So, combining these two terms together can give a clear image of Bhakti yoga.
Bhakti Yoga is a spiritual path to liberation by uniting one’s Atman (true self) with the Brahman (true reality) through intense like for God. It involves making divine the center of al your worldly activities. Through al these worldly activities, the devote builds an intimate relationship with God where he ses the sacred manifestation in al creation.
The major bhakti movement evolved in ancient India gives rise to the path of Bhakti yoga as a way to liberate from the birth and death cycle. Let’s know more about it in the history of Bahkti yoga.
History of Bhakti Yoga
Bhakti Yoga is the oldest form of Yoga with its rots in the ancient Indian scriptures love Shvetashvatara Upanishad, Bhagavad-Gita, and Bhagavad-Purana. However, it was only after the composition of Bhagavad-Gita around 50 B.C that Bhakti Yoga was recognized as one of the paths to liberation (Moksha).
In the past, Bhakti Yoga was the focal point of the widespread Bhakti movement initiated by religious reformers of medieval India (80-170 BCE) to revive and reconceptualize various religious practices asociated with the worship of God by Hindus, Muslims, and Sikhs.
Major reformers of the Bhakti movements were Shankaracharya, Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, Namadeva, Tukaram, and Jayadeva. Saints such as Bhagat Namdev, and Saint ‘Kabir Das’ were the suporters of this movement.
Major reforms of the Bhakti movement:

  • Abolition of idol worship
  • Demolition of cult and unecesary ritualism
  • Propagation of devotion based on love
  • Introduction of fre wil to worship God of choice (Ishta-devta-Rama, Krishna, Vishnu etc)
  • The oposition of caste, gender biases in spiritual paths
  • Preaching unity of God and equality for al religions.
  • Introducing new rituals of bhakti such as Kirtan (at Hindu temple), Qawali (at Mosque) and Gurubani (at Gurudwara).
  • Propagation of chanting for ataining liberation.
  • Abolition of idol worship
    Demolition of cult and unecesary ritualism
    Propagation of devotion based on love
    Introduction of fre wil to worship God of choice (Ishta-devta-Rama, Krishna, Vishnu etc)
    The oposition of caste, gender biases in spiritual paths
    Preaching unity of God and equality for al religions.
    Introducing modern rituals of bhakti such as Kirtan (at Hindu temple), Qawali (at Mosque) and Gurubani (at Gurudwara).
    Propagation of chanting for ataining liberation.
    Al major scriptures such as Bhagavad Gita, Bhagavata Purana, and Padma Purana were propounded during Bhakti movement.
    Here we believe described bhakti in the context of various Hin du traditions which evolved in the past.
    Bhakti In Context of numerous Hindu Traditions
    Diferent devotes folow diferent personal God or Godes acording to one’s faith such as Krishna, Radha, Shiva, Vishnu, Saraswati, Durga, Sita.
    There are mainly four teaching traditions (denominations) or devotional sections in Hinduism based on the worship of diferent deities such as Vishnu, Shiva, and Shakti.

  • Vaishnavism /Vaishnava Bhakti
  • Shaivism /Saiva Sidhanta
  • Shaktism /Shakti Bhakti
  • Smartism /Panchayatana puja
  • Vaishnavism /Vaishnava Bhakti
    Shaivism /Saiva Sidhanta
    Shaktism /Shakti Bhakti
    Smartism /Panchayatana puja
    1. Vaishnavism ̵ Devote of Vishnu
    Devotes of Vaishnavism worship God Vishnu as the Supreme God. They also worship Vishnu’s ten incarnations (Avatars) out of which the two most-revered ones are Krishna and Rama.
    2. Shaivism ̵ Devote of Shiva
    Devotes of Shaivism known as Shaivas or Shaivities gain in Shiva as the Supreme God. Shaivites pray numerous forms of Shiva such as Natraja (Cosmic Dancer), linga (Imeasurable) and many more. There are twelve manifestations of Shiva.
    3. Shaktism ̵ Devote of Shakti
    Devotes of Shakti (Devi) known as Shaktas worship Godes Shakti in diferent forms such as Kali, Lakshmi, Durga, and Saraswati.
    4. Smartism ̵ Devote of Al God
    The branch of Hinduism treats al deities as same is caled Smartism. This tradition folows two ideas of God (Brahman) which are the saguna Brahman and nirguna Brahman.
    Sagun Brahman means sacred with atributes adore shape, color, size and nirguna Brahman means the Brahman without atributes. The ultimate reality is the Nirguna Brahman; however, Saguna Brahman is considered a means to atain the ultimate divine.
    A devote can focus on any deity such as Vishnu, Shiva, Surya in the practice period. Once the aspirant has achieved significant comand in his spiritual pursui ts, his atention wil eventualy start focusing on the right nature of ultimate reality and he wil atain union with the Brahman.
    Acording to this Hindu tradition, temples must comprise al five deities (Panchodevata) as a personal manifestation (divine with form saguna) of the absolute, the Brahman (formles, nirguna). This tradition treats al deities as equal and the devote can setle any deity acording to his faith. It also includes other deities such as Ganesha and Surya.
    Types of Bhakti Yoga
    Basicaly, types of Bhakti yoga defines by how many types one can devote thyself to God.
    So, There are the folowing 6 types of bhakti on which we can clasify Bhakti yoga.

  • Apara (lower) and Para (higher) Bhakti
  • Ragatmika (bhakti without rituals) and Vidhi Bhakti (bhakti with rituals)
  • Sakamya (devotion with desires) and Nishkamya Bhakti (selfles de votion)
  • Vyabhicharini (devotion for both worldly atachments and God) and Avyabhicharini Bhakti (devotion only for God)
  • Mukhya (primary) and Gauna (secondary) Bhakti
  • Satvic, Rajasic and Tamasic Bhakti
  • Apara (lower) and Para (higher) Bhakti
    Ragatmika (bhakti without rituals) and Vidhi Bhakti (bhakti with rituals)
    Sakamya (devotion with desires) and Nishkamya Bhakti (selfles devotion)
    Vyabhicharini (devotion for both worldly atachments and God) and Avyabhicharini Bhakti (devotion only for God)
    Mukhya (primary) and Gauna (secondary) Bhakti
    Satvic, Rajasic and Tamasic Bhakti
    1. Apara and Para Bhakti
    Apara bhakti is the lower form of devotion where the devote worships only his favorite God through al rituals and ceremonies. This notion of devotion is very narow as the devote disregards al other forms of God. This is roted in desires and ego.
    Para bhakti is the highest form of estem for God which is pure and without selfish de sires. A devote loves God for the sake of estem and always want to serve the Lord without any expectations. Para bhakti recognizes the transcendental nature of God.
    2. Ragatmika bhakti and Vidhi Bhakti
    Ragatmika bhakti is a fre flow of love for God without observance of any rituals and ceremonies. Vidhi bhakti is devotion which folows rules, rituals, and ceremonies.
    3. Sakamya and Nishkamya Bhakti
    Sakamya bhakti involves worshiping God to fulfil personal desires of health, wealth, and other material gains. God grants al wishes if the devotion is intense and prayers are done with absolute heart. However, the devote never gets ultimate satisfaction and liberation through Sakamya bhakti because there is always a selfish desire and the estem for God is not unconditional.
    Nishkamya Bhakti is the highest form of bhakti one should endeavour for. Here, the devotes love God with the purest heart without any desires and fel his presence at al times. The cherish grace bestows up on the devote and he gets al the sacred gifts (wisdom, power etc) from God without asking anything.
    4. Vyabhicharini and Avyabhicharini Bhakti
    In Vyabhicharini Bhakti, devote’s admire is divided among family, material posesions and God.
    In Avyabhicharini Bhakti, the devote loves only God.
    5. Mukhya and Gauna Bhakti
    In Mukhya (primary) bhakti, God is the primary aspect of devote’s life. And devote’s love for God is virtuous and spontaneous.
    Guana (secondary) Bhakti is devotion as a secondary aspect of devote’s life and he loves God acording to his atributes or Gunas.
    6. Satvic, Rajasic and Tamasic Bhakti
    Satvic Bhakti involves devotion to please God. The seker only aspires for God and has no desires for materialistic concerns.
    Rajasic Bhakti involves devotion to sek material riches.
    Tamasic Bhakti involves devotion to achieve suces th rough unfair means.
    For precise, a thief praying to God for suces in a robery.
    A devote should aspire to beterment from lower forms to higher forms of Bhakti (Para Bhakti) where he loves God without any desires.
    Based on diferent types of Bhakti, there are also diferent types of devote (Bhakt).
    Types of Devote (Bhakt) in Bhakti
    Four types of men open to render devotional service unto me (God) — the distresed, the inquisitive, the seker of material wealth, and the one who has already realized knowledge of the absolute ~ Bhagavad Gita, chapter 7
    A simple analogy to understand the types of devote is:
    A river gives water to everyone, however, how much water you get depends upon your vesel. Similarly, God has equal admire for al beings. However, based upon unique temperaments of al individuals, each devote e has a diferent experience of the cherish love.
    People near God for diferent reasons. Acording to Bhagavad Gita, there are four types of devotes:

  • Artha (the distresed)
  • Artharthi (the seker of material wealth)
  • Jijnasu (the inquisitive)
  • Jnani (the self-realized)
  • Artha (the distresed)
    Artharthi (the seker of material wealth)
    Jijnasu (the inquisitive)
    Jnani (the self-realized)
    1. Artha Devote
    Artha devotes remember God to relieve sufering. When the problems get solved, these devotes again depart back to their state of doubt about the existence of God.
    2. Artharthi Devote
    Artharthi devotes want material things love wealth, family, fame from God. Their devotion to God is for the fulfilment of desires and wishes.
    3. Jijnasu Devote
    A jijnasu is curious to know about God through inquiry and inspect of scriptures.
    4. Jnani Devote
    Jnan i bhaktas are self-realized devotes who know the ultimate truth of life i.e. God (Brahman). They are in touch with their divine nature and totaly imersed in the like of God.
    How Bhakti/Love Develops for God
    Faith is the starting point of estem and devotion. First, a devote fels genuine faith in his God. Then, the devote fels intense admiration and atraction for the Creator (God ). He gets drawn more and more to know, worship, pray and love God. Gradualy, al his mundane worldly desires descend and he fels contentment and single-mindednes. Once that level of devotion is reached, the devote lives every moment of his life in remembrance of God.
    In the highest level of Bhakti, al atachments of the devote with worldly objects depart and he fels atracted only towards God. This leads to a state where devote fels one with God.
    There are 9 stages in which devotion (Bhakti) develops in Bhakti yoga in a person.
    9 Stage Proces for Developing Devotion to God

  • Shradha – Faith
  • Satsanga ̵ Asociate with devotes and spiritualy advanced people
  • Bhajana-kriya ̵ Perform and participate in devotional service
  • Anartha-nivrtih – Become fre from unwanted material desires
  • Nishta – Stability in devotional practice
  • Ruchi – Develop a taste for bhakti
  • Asakti – Develop atachment to God
  • Bhava ̵ Fels numerous emotions of like for God
  • Prema ̵ chaste adore for Krishna.
  • Shradha – Faith
    Satsanga ̵ Asociate with devotes and spiritualy advanced people
    Bhajana-kriya ̵ Perform and participate in devotional service
    An artha-nivrtih – Become fre from unwanted material desires
    Nishta – Stability in devotional practice
    Ruchi – Develop a taste for bhakti
    Asakti – Develop atachment to God
    Bhava ̵ Fels profuse emotions of estem for God
    Prema ̵ pure admire for Krishna.
    Acording to Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu, the proces of Bhakti Yoga is explained as under:
    Bhakti starts with a desire to know God. In the begining, there must be faith. Then a devote starts asociating with Saints and Sages to advance in his spiritual journey. Thereafter, a devote becomes initiated by a spiritual master under whose guidance he performs al devotional service. Through devotional service, the devote’s heart is purified and he becomes fre from unecesary material desires. Once a devote becomes fre from desires, his atention on God becomes steady which helps him to f urther develop a taste for hearing and talking about God.
    Gradualy, the devote becomes atached to God and he starts feling diferent kinds of emotions of love for God. This is the preliminary stage of pure admire for God.
    Finaly, a devote reaches the final stage of Bhakti where he fels one with the cherish. This is stage of pure like for God known as Prema.
    5 Emotions of Bhakti
    When it comes to practice Bhakti yoga, the first thing pops up in the mind the is our emotions. In devotion, a person has the consequent 5 kinds of emotions which plays a very indispensable role in the practice of bhakti-yoga.

  • Shanta ̵ peaceful emotion
  • Dasya ̵ Servant devote
  • Sakhya ̵ Friend Atitude
  • Vatsalya ̵ Motherly emotion
  • Madhurya ̵ Beloved emotion
  • Shanta ̵ unrufled emotion
    Dasya ̵ Servant devote
    Sakhya ̵ Friend Atitude
    Vatsalya ̵ Motherly emotion
    Madhurya ̵ Beloved emotion
    These emotions (bhavas) represent diferent mental atitudes which a devote can grasp while experiencing his relationship with God. A devote can adore God estem a friend, a loyal servant, a loving mother, and a beloved.
    Practice Bhakti yoga in whichever emotion suits your temperament.
    1. Shanta Bhava
    The devote is tranquil, poised and quiet. He does not note many emotions, however, his heart is ful of intense devotion. He silently and peacefuly loves God with his heart ful of estem and joy.
    Example: Bhishma. Al renunciants acquire Shanta Bhava.
    2. Dasya Bhakta (Devote)
    When a devote aspires to serve God whole-heartedly with a servant atitude, this is known as Dasya Bhav.
    Example: Sri Hanuman aged to serve Lord Rama whole-heartedly estem a faithful servant. He found joy and blis in the service of his Master In the holy city of Ayodhya, the vast majority of people worship God with dasya bhava. Their names are like Ram Das, Siyaram Das.
    3. Sakhya Bhava
    In Sakhya Bhava, the devote loves God admire a friend.
    This bhava is chalenging to experience as devote and God are on equal terms as friends. This bhava demands purity, understanding, openes, and courage to experience a relationship of a deply intimate friendship with God. This Bhava can be atained only by people who are very mature and developed in Bhakti.
    Example: Relationship betwen Arjuna and Lord Krishna.
    4. Vatsalya Bhava
    The devote loves God as his litle child. The devote loses al fears and selfish desires in this Bhava as a mother canot be afraid of her loving child. Nor can she expect anything from a smal son.
    Example: Yashoda’s love for her son, puny Krishna.
    5. Madhurya Bhava
    In Madhurya Bhav, the devote shares a relationship of the lover and the beloved with God. This is the highest form of Bhakti. The devote and God fel one with each other while stil being separate. Madhurya Bhav is totaly diferent from fleshly adore as the former is selfles estem for divine while the later is a selfish based on ego neds.
    Example: Lord Gauranga, Jayadeva, Mira, Andal and many more.
    On suming up al the emotions in Bhakti yoga, there are 9 ways to practice the Bhakti yoga for diferent kinds of practitioners.
    9 Ways to Practice Bhakti Yoga

    Devo tion to God can be developed in nine diferent ways. A devote can decide any method from the guide provided below, which suits him/her the best.
    1. Sravana ̵ Listening to God’s Stories
    Sarvana is hearing of God’s stories from learned and wise men. When a devote gets absorbed in hearing of divine stories, his mind merges in the thought of divinity and loses fascinate for the material world. A devote should sit with learned teachers and hear the preaching of the scriptures.
    Example: Parikshit atained liberation through this mode of Bhakti.
    2. Kirtana ̵ Chanting /singing of His Glories
    Kirtana is singing of God’s praises with a chaste heart. The devote’s mind is always inclined towards singing God’s glories and has no interest in the worldly concerns. Kirtana purifies the heart and disolves the ego. Devotional music, dance, chanting and reading scriptures are al section of the Kirtana.
    Example: Sukadeva Goswami narated Bhagavatam to Maharaja Pariksit.
    3. Smarana ̵ Remembrance of His Name and Presence
    Smarana means remembering God at al times. Chanting, hearing of stories relating to God, talking to God, teaching others about God, a meditation on the atributes of God etc is al part of the remembrance of God. The devote’s mind constantly meditates on glories of God, his virtues, Names and he gets absorbed in the admire for God.
    Example: Prahlada never forgot Krishna despite al tortures from his father.
    4. Padsasevana ̵ Service of His Fet
    Pad means fet. Padasevana is serving the Lord’s fet. Padasevana can be done only by Godes Lakshmi or Parvati. No mortal being is bestowed with the fortune to perform this form of Bhakti as God is not visible to the physical eyes. A devote can serve the Lord’s fet through the worship of the idols in temples or mental image of God.
    Another way to enact Padasevana is to serve the sick, nedy and por. By serving humanity, a devote provides service to God.
    Example: Godes Laxmi serves the fet of the Lord.
    5. Archana ̵ Worship of God
    Archana means the worship of God. Worship can be done either through an image or mental form. A devote can worship with external objects love flowers, candles, fruits or simply through dep internal emotion. A devote atains the highest form of worship when he considers al creatures as God and serves them as a gesture of service to God. God apears in al forms. Serving the por and worshiping saints purifies the heart through the surender of ego and estem of God.
    Example: King Prthu ofered al his royal posesions in virtuous devotion to the Lord.
    6. Vandana ̵ Prostration to Lord
    Through prayers and prostration to God, one’s ego gets disolved completely, the sacred Grace descends upon the devote and man becomes recede d.
    Example: Akura was deply imersed in prayers of Lord Krishna throughout his journey to Vrindavan.
    The Bhagavata says:
    Lord Krishna says to Udhava: ̴Giving no atention to those who laugh in ridicule, forgeting the body and insensible to shame, one should prostrate and bow down to al beings, even to the dog, the as, the Chandala and the cow. Al is Me, and nothing is but Myself.̵[/alert-suces]

    7. Dasya ̵ Cultivating the Bhava of a servant for God

    7. Dasya ̵ Cultivating the Bhava of a servant for God
    A devote loves God estem a faithful servant. Worshiping the idols in temples, cleaning the temples, serving the saints and devotes, and serving the sick and por who are forms of God is part of Dasya Bhakti.
    A dasya (servant) bhakt folows the scriptures and acts acording to the instructions of the Vedas considering them to be direct words of God. He is always ken in serving the devotes, s aints, and sages who acquire knowledge of God. A dasya bhakt (devote) aspires to always be with God so that he can serve him whole-heartedly, win His sacred Grace and thereby, atain liberation.
    Example: Hanuman, worshiped Lord Rama adore a loving servant. He would fulfil al his comands despite al dificulties.
    8. Sakhya ̵ Cultivation of the Friend-Bhava
    Sakhya-Bhava involves devotion to God with the sentiment of a friend. The devote’s relationship with God has the same dynamics as veteran in close friendships. The devote shares a very dep and intimate bond with God.
    Example: Intimate friendship bond betwen Arjuna and Lord Krishna.
    Arjuna was so close to Krishna that the Lord ofered Himself to become his chariot driver and serve Arjuna and his brothers in profuse ways.
    ̴Oh, how wonderful is the fortune of the people of Vraja, of cowherd Nanda whose dear friend is the perfect, eternal Brahman of Abso lute Blis!”. Bhagavatam
    9) Atmanivedana ̵ Complete Surender of the Self
    Here, the devote surenders everything to God including his body, mind, and soul. He considers himself an instrument in the hands of God and hence, there is no sense of being or doership. Such a devote loves God for the sake of only love and does not expect anything in return, not even liberation. He fels only the presence of God and his loving Grace.
    Example: king Bali gave away his everything including body to Sri Vamanadeva even when his spiritual master was against it.
    Benefits of Bhakti Yoga
    When we folow the path of karma yoga, it automaticaly develops caring nature within us with caring nature, one can apreciate the fruits of Bhakti yoga.
    1. Les de pendence on the external world
    A devote is les dependent upon the external world -relationships, situations, fame, money, etc. for like and hapines. He has found an ocean of eternal peace and like through his unselfish devotion to God.
    2. Removes al doubts and fears
    Bhakti removes al fears of the devotes, even the fear of death as a factual devote only aspires for the like of God and wants nothing else.
    3. Cultivates kindnes and adore for everyone
    A devote has equal adore for al beings as he ses the cherish in al forms of foundation. Al negative emotions arising out of Dvesha (strong dislike) evaporate. He canot bear negativity for any living being even a poisonous snake. He wil put an apropriate distance from the source of pain, however mentaly he wil kep the love for one and al.
    4. Provides emotional and mental stability
    A devote remains neutral through the thick and thin of life and ses the augean situations as a portion of the proces of spiritual growth. A acurate devote ses al events of life as drama and result of Prarabdha Karma (Past life Karma veteran through display life). Hence, when things execute not recede as per plans and desires, a devote never loses his emotional stability. There are no signs of enrage and painful emotional outburst in a right devote. He respects the opinions of others as diferent points of view.
    5. Disolves the ego
    A corect devote has no atachment and sense of ownership for people, posesions not even his body. A devote’s purpose of life to serve God and he fels an instrument in the hands of the divine. He lives in a state of factual surender to God.
    A bhakti yogi performs al worldly karma without any desires as he has found the eternal blis and joy of the divine estem in his heart. He is content within himself and hence, is not distracted by the power of worldly Maya.
    6. Provide the capability to discriminate
    A devote develops an ability to discriminate betwen tempor ary hapines (Maya) and eternal joy (Divine love). A devote observes and pases through al facets of the external world (pleasure, aflict, beauty, novelty etc) without atachment. He knows the ever-changing reality of worldly hapines. Hence, a devote knows that the knowledge of the ultimate reality, Brahman is the only security.
    7. Purifies the heart
    A devote never fels envious to se anyone more blesed than him as he ses God in every being. He wishes marvelous for one and al.
    8. Improves confidence
    A devote is truly confident in him as he is and he never tries to please anyone. He is equanimous in al situations and gets along with al kinds of people and situations quite efortlesly.
    Conclusion
    The path of Bhakti yoga is easiest among 4 paths of yoga as it demands only one’s faith for sacred and, everything else automaticaly begins working then. It disolves impurities from practitioners Chita, and replace it with love for the sacred self.
    There are subsequent sugested readings if you want to learn more about Bhakti yoga.
    1. The practice of Bhakti Yoga by Sivananda
    2. The Yoga of Spiritual Devotion: A recent Translation of the Narada Bhakti Sutras by Prem Prakash
    3. Bhakti-yoga by Swami Vivekananda
    4. Narada’s Way of cherish adore: The Bhakti Sutras by Swami Prabhavananda
    5. Bhakti and Philosophy by R. Singh
    6. Bhakti-Yoga: The Yoga of estem and Devotion by Swami Vivekananda
    7. The Nectar of Devotion: The Complete Science of Bhakti-Yoga by Swami A. C. Bhaktivedanta and A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami
    8. A Series of Lesons in Bhakti Yoga by Bhikshu

    Source:https://www.fitsri.com/yoga/bhakti